Crystal Fact Files

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Welcome to our Crystal Fact Files – a collection of detailed articles on crystals, gemstones and minerals that will greatly improve your knowledge of stones. Whether you’re a science-based rock hound or you have an interest in the metaphysical aspects of minerals, you’ll find great value here. You’ll learn all about the physical, chemical and metaphysical properties of the stones.

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Amazonite

Introducing amazonite, a feldspar curiously said to be named after Brazil’s mighty Amazon River, though deposits of amazonite have never been found in its proximity. Amazonite is valued for its attractive blue-green hues and its harmonizing properties. ...

Amethyst

This is the regal gemstone, amethyst, an abundant treasure found in almost every corner of our planet. Coveted by kings and queens and sought by high priests, magicians, monks and bishops for thousands of years, there is no doubt that if it were harder ...

Ammonite

Between 65 million and 250 million years ago, the ammonites ruled the seas. These mollusks, which belonged to the class of cephalopods, were very abundant the world over, until they took their leave and slipped into extinction at the end ...

Aquamarine

Aquamarine is a gemstone that carries a reputation for its beauty. Named for its colour (the term “aquamarine” is Latin for sea water) its literal aqua-marine shade of blue or green has earned it a place of esteem in the gemstone world. In fact, aquamarine ...

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Black Star Diopside

Enigmatic Black Star Diopside intrigues us with its blazing white four-pointed star, which shines brilliantly from the stone’s dark depths. A friend to academics and energy workers alike, this gem, which owes its brilliant star to mineral ...

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Charoite

Introducing Charoite. This beautiful mineral, known as a stone of transformation, is unmistakable with its swirling pattern of lavenders, mauves and purples, which formed through charoite’s own interesting journey of transformation. Read on...

Chrysoprase

The bright, vivid green of Chrysophrase is almost too much to believe, but it’s real and natural, forming in ribbons of apple-green not far below the surface of the Earth. Read about how eons of ...

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Eudialyte

Eudyalite is a strikingly beautiful mineral of vivid reds and crimsons, born from the unlikely meeting of rare elements in rare circumstances. Read about this rare beauty and how it helps us to live our lives in the direction ...

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Fire Agate

Intriguing Fire Agate is a wonder of the mineral world. How it derives its name will be obvious on first sight, as a good specimen will seemingly smolder and glow with light, reminiscent of a ...

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Hemimorphite

Introducing Hemimorphite, a curious mineral of unusual structure. Read on to learn about this unique and often very beautiful crystal, and why it is known as a stone of transformation, good fortune and creativity. Chemical Composition: Zn4 Si2 O7 (OH)2 -H2O, Hydrous Zinc Silicate Hydroxide. Hardness: ...

HERKIMER DIAMOND

Herkimer diamonds sparkle brilliantly with their characteristic clarity and many natural facets. Though not really quite what their name suggests, these little jewels constitute an unusual mineral occurrence, created slowly over 300 million years. Their attractiveness and purifying nature have endeared them to many. Chemical Composition: ...

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Labradorite

Introducing Labradorite, the Stone of Light and Enlightenment, an unassuming, sometimes drab stone that will put on a dazzling show of light and colour. Read on to learn how labradorite is formed, the secret to how it produces ...

Lapis Lazuli

This is the rich and royal Lapis Lazuli, an opulent stone that has adorned kings and queens for millennia. Its deep, rich blue colour interspersed with a sprinkle of golden flecks has earned it a reputation as a “stone of royalty”. Read on to learn ...

Larimar

Chemistry: NaCa2Si3O8(OH), Sodium Calcium Silicate Hydroxide Class: Silicates Hardness: 5, with darker blue stones reaching 7 Origin: The Dominican Republic The beautiful blue stone Larimar is a form of Pectolite discovered only in The Dominican Republic in the Caribbean. Its know range is limited ...

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Malachite

Well-known Malachite, in its myriad crystal forms and shades of green, has been known to humanity for thousands of years and has been exploited for its copper content, its protective qualities and beauty. Read on to learn ...

Moldavite

The mysterious, glassy green Moldavite has long fascinated the starry-eyed, with stories that it came from the heavens. The manner in which it came to be is, indeed, a very interesting story. But it is its illustrious reputation as a stone of enlightenment and ...

Mookaite

Introducing Mookaite, a quartz mineral from Western Australia, which actually owes its existence to billions of long-gone life forms. This is a fascinating mineral, attributed with grounding and promoting open-mindedness and intuitiveness. Chemical Composition: SiO2 Hardness: 6 - 7 Occurence: Australia About the ...

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Nephrite Jade

Simply mentioning the word Jade conjures up images of Chinese imperial palaces and objects of great beauty and immeasurable value. Indeed, Jade has played an immensely important role in culture from ancient times, both in China and beyond. Read on to learn ...

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Peridot

Introducing warm and friendly Peridot, a stone with a long history of interaction with humankind. Belonging to the Olivine family, this stone, which represents harmony and abundance, is found scattered throughout the Earth, and amongst the stars of ...

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Rainbow Moonstone

Introducing Rainbow Moonstone, the cool gem with an inner glow. Read on to learn how the mineral forms, how its light display is caused, and why it is known for engendering inner peace and harmony. Chemistry: (Ca,Na)(Al,Si)4O from the plagioclase feldspar group. Hardness: Ranges from 6 to ...

Red Jasper

Introducing slow and steady Red Jasper, the abundant and reliable "rock of ages". Chemical composition: SiO2, with iron oxide inclusions Hardness: 6.5 to 7 Occurrence: Very common worldwide It’s Chemistry Red Jasper is a variety of quartz containing iron oxide impurities. To understand red ...

Rose Quartz

Presenting the love stone, Rose Quartz, sadly often criticized and overlooked simply because it is common, yet ironically offering something we could all use a little bit more of. Read on to learn more about this heart ...

Rutile Quartz

Beautiful Rutilated (or Rutile) Quartz enthralls us with its intriguing needle and hair-like inclusions in quartz. Learn more about this high energy “illuminator of the soul”, which sharpens our intuition and lightens our load… Chemical Composition: SiO2 (Silicon dioxide) with inclusions of TiO2 ...

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Seraphinite

Seraphinite is named after the Seraphim, the many-winged, fiery angelic beings described in the Bible. One of the greatest of all the healing stones, it is beautiful and sublime, its cool dark green depths revealing intriguing flashes of silver ...

Smoky Quartz

Introducing the dark and mysterious Smoky Quartz, a relatively common and very enigmatic crystal. Read on to learn about how the mineral formed and about its reputed powerful grounding properties. Chemical Composition: SiO2 Hardness: 7 Occurence:

Sugilite

Introducing sugilite, the bringer of hope. A relatively rare stone and only recently discovered, sugilite’s lovely colour and glowing metaphysical qualities have made it a much sought-after gemstone the world over. Chemical Composition: KNa2(Fe,Mn,Al)2Li3Si12O30 Potassium Sodium Lithium Iron Manganese ...

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Turquoise

The word Turquoise is synonymous with Blue, such is the importance of this much prized stone that has been known to humanity for thousands of years. Learn more about this highly sought after mineral that has adorned Egyptian ...

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